A picture from Indonesia’s Komodo Nationwide Park that’s on deck for printing in Lightroom’s Print Module. Photograph by Jason Bradley.

Within the second installment of this four-part collection concerning picture printing, I talked about creating consistency via calibrating our gadgets and launched you to ideas on find out how to follow ICC shade administration. The objective was to supply a basis for printing with a way of management, by incorporating ICC profiles into your workflow. On this article, I’ll focus extra on the how-to of it by protecting the vital steps and aims of a typical printing workflow, the key phrase right here being vital.

A typical printing workflow is much less in regards to the printer and software program you select or whether or not you employ the producer’s print driver versus a third-party RIP (Raster Picture Processor; see the sidebar for extra on this subject). As an alternative, the steps I’m referring to are extra common, and they need to be famous whatever the aforementioned. Most significantly, each the placement of, and the configuration of, the settings as you print will differ relying on the platform, the printer and the software program used. So, right here, I’ll think about the problems that I deem to be “vital stuff” and that stay the identical from one printing workflow to a different.

Step 1: Smooth Proofing
After a file has been developed and is able to print, don’t hit the print button—but. I counsel that you just soft-proof first. A tough proof is a print we will maintain and have a look at to see if what we’ve made works, whereas gentle proofs are one thing we will have a look at earlier than hitting “Print”. Particularly, a gentle proof can inform us whether or not we’ve got shade out of gamut and, thus, affords the chance to make any changes earlier than printing.

Modern Printmaking Part Three: Workflow
Determine 1: Right here’s a screenshot of a printer profile set inside a show or monitor profile. As you’ll be able to see, they’re totally different. Colour out of your file to your monitor to your print is totally different and may’t all the time be reproduced when changing to a printer profile.

When referring to out-of-gamut colours, I’m referring to colours in your file that your printer can’t reproduce (Determine 1). In my final article, I talked about how gadgets in our workflow chain reproduce shade otherwise. Regardless that your show can present you a specific shade of blue, that doesn’t imply your printer could make that very same blue. Smooth proofing permits us to establish if such a discrepancy exists between file and print. It tells us what colours are “out of gamut,” and it exhibits the place in our photographs the out-of-gamut colours are, offering us with the highway map we have to appropriate the issue. Right here’s the way it works when working in Lightroom.

Modern Printmaking Part Three: Workflow
Determine 2: Verify the Smooth Proofing field to examine your picture file for out-of-gamut shade.

1. Whereas within the Develop Module in Lightroom, search for and examine the Smooth Proofing field within the toolbar (Determine 2).

Modern Printmaking Part Three: Workflow
Determine 3: Select the printer profile on your printer and the picture paper you’re utilizing.

2. Search for the Smooth Proofing Panel within the higher proper of your person interface. Then choose the proper printer profile for the printer and picture paper you’re utilizing (Determine 3). In the event you’re on the lookout for your printer profile for the primary time, click on on Different and discover your profile from a variety bigger than the one sampled in Determine 3.

3. Select a Perceptual or Relative Intent, positioned under the place you selected your profile. With out getting too technical, rendering intents are totally different strategies for transferring shade from the pc to the printer. For probably the most half, Perceptual is the place you’ll wish to be, however you’ll be able to change forwards and backwards to see which appears to be like higher. Ideally, you’ll see no change in any respect.

Modern Printmaking Part Three: Workflow
Determine 4: Activate the Present Vacation spot Gamut Warning to determine your out-of-gamut shade.

4. Click on on the small Present Vacation spot Gamut Warning icon. Colours which can be out of gamut will then present as pink (Determine 4).

TIP: Try the earlier article on this collection to learn extra about printer profiles and find out how to load them.

Step 2: Correcting Out-of-Gamut Colour
For sure, you’ll be able to print with out gentle proofing. The factor is, in case you print a file with out-of-gamut shade, that shade will likely be interpreted—which is a flowery phrase for guessing. Smooth proofing, thus, supplies management, consistency and predictability.

When fixing out-of-gamut shade, the objective, no matter strategy, is to alter the colour to one thing that’s printable with out the necessity for interpolation. The trick to doing that is to avoid world changes, which means, don’t use, say, the Saturation slider in Lightroom, as it can shift the saturation of all the colours in your file, not simply your out-of-gamut ones. Thus, assume when it comes to performing localized changes.

Modern Printmaking Part Three: Workflow
Determine 5

1. One approach to change shade is to alter its hue. Whereas in Lightroom’s Develop Module, open the HSL Panel, and click on on the Hue part. Subsequent, choose the Focused Adjustment software, which turns your cursor right into a crosshair. You then can click on immediately in your out-of-gamut shade and click-and-drag your mouse up or down to alter the hue of that shade (Determine 5). In fact, preserve your out-of-gamut clipping warnings lively to see the pink gamut warning fade or disappear as you go.

2. You can also change a shade by altering its degree of saturation. With this strategy, do every thing virtually precisely the identical as within the final step, however as an alternative of choosing the Hue part, choose Saturation. Then, concentrate on desaturating your out-of-gamut shade, which I’ve discovered to be the more practical approach to convey shade into gamut. Alternatively, you’ll be able to desaturate a particular zone by utilizing your Adjustment brush. Activate the comb, transfer your Saturation slider to the left and start brushing over the world with out-of-gamut shade.

Modern Printmaking Part Three: Workflow
Determine 5 & 5a: Use the Focused Adjustment software to simply choose and alter your out-of-gamut shade.

NOTE: As you alter a picture whereas gentle proofing, Lightroom will ask you after your first adjustment in case you’d wish to create a digital copy of your gentle proof. You’ll be able to select to Create Proof, or to Make This a Proof. Making the digital copy creates a replica that’s devoted to the modifications made for print output solely (Determine 5a).

Modern Printmaking Part Three: Workflow
Determine 6: Click on the Web page Setup button to decide on the printer and paper you’re utilizing.

Step 3: Web page Setup
After your gentle proof, it’s time to go to Lightroom’s Print Module to start configuring the settings on your print. Within the lower-left nook of the Print Module, you’ll discover the Web page Setup button, which launches the Web page Setup dialog field when clicked (Determine 6). Your two objectives for this step are easy: Choose the printer you’re going to make use of and the paper dimension you’re printing on, be it roll paper or a minimize sheet.

Modern Printmaking Part Three: Workflow
Determine 7: The Print dialog is the place we configure settings such because the media kind we’re utilizing, the place we activate 16-bit output and switch off shade administration, and the place we set the print decision.

Step 4: Print Settings
Simply to the appropriate of the Web page Setup button is the Print Settings button, which launches the Print dialog field so that you can configure. Once more, setting areas could differ, however my objective is finding the Printer settings as proven in Determine 7. The aims for Printer settings are to set the media kind, flip shade administration off, make sure that I’m printing with 16-bit output, and set the output decision. Subsequent, you’ll wish to discover the place you’ll be able to set your Platen Hole.

Printer Settings: Right here, the media kind is about to Premium Luster Paper (260), however figuring out the appropriate setting on your media kind seemingly will likely be a thriller to these printing for the primary time. The best approach to know is to go to your paper producer’s web site, and discover a knowledge specification sheet or a “Learn Me” file that gives their suggestion. You all the time can name the producer in case you discover the data troublesome to find. Subsequent, be sure you’re printing with 16-bit output. Be aware that this setting is of no use in case you’re printing JPEGs, that are inherently 8-bit.

Colour administration must be turned off as a result of we don’t need the printer managing the colour. The entire level of protecting the usage of ICC profiles within the final article was to realize management and consistency of our printing. So flip shade administration off, and in one other workflow step, we’ll level to the ICC printer profile. Lastly, I counsel utilizing an output decision of 2880 dpi. Most printers could be set increased, however it’s not wanted for picture prints and may vastly sluggish issues down.

Platen Hole: Whereas many photographers get away with out worrying in regards to the Platen Hole, it turns into vital with two eventualities: in case you get into utilizing thick or heavy-weighted papers, or in case you ever expertise what’s known as a “head strike.” A head strike is when your print head (the factor that spits the ink out onto the paper) makes contact with the paper because it strikes forwards and backwards alongside the paper. The outcomes are normally ink splotches or streaks left in your print—normally on the sting of the paper. Head strikes occur, and the easiest way to repair the issue is by setting your Platen Hole accordingly.

Modern Printmaking Part Three: Workflow
Determine 8: We additionally must configure settings across the thickness and density of the paper we’re utilizing via these settings.

The objective when configuring your Platen Hole is to have the print head as near the paper as doable with out touching or putting the paper. It’s greatest to seek advice from your printer’s handbook for his or her suggestions on find out how to set the paper thickness. Choices are normally to play with rising your Paper Thickness settings, your Paper Suction settings (many printers have vacuums pulling the paper into the printer physique to maintain them flat as they run via the printer), Platen Hole settings and Roll Paper Again Pressure settings (Determine 8).

odern Printmaking Part Three: Workflow
Determine 9: Along with configuring settings with the print driver as within the final couple of determine references, we additionally must configure settings for a way Lightroom exports our picture within the Print Job panel.

Step 5: Setting Your Printer Profile and Output Sharpening

Subsequent, go to Lightroom’s Print Job panel discovered within the decrease proper of the Print Module (Determine 9). Basically, this panel controls the settings Lightroom makes use of to export a file earlier than it goes to print. First, set the Print Decision. I counsel setting Canon printers to 300, and to 360 for Epson; every of these will match the dpi functionality of the Canon and Epson print heads. Subsequent, set Print Sharpening, then 16 Bit Output, after which for Colour Administration, set the printer profile on your particular printer mannequin and for the precise paper you’re printing on.

Workflow Abstract
To borrow once more from my final article on this collection, I counsel that you just start creating consistency and management of your printing by incorporating ICC shade administration into your routine. Calibrate your show, get your printer profiles out of your paper producer and set up them. Then, as soon as your picture is developed to your liking, undergo the next steps:

Smooth-proof your picture to verify all of your colours are in gamut
Make any corrections wanted to convey out-of-gamut shade in gamut
Select the paper dimension you’re printing on, and the printer
Print settings
Printer settings
Set your media kind
Set your output to 16-bit
Flip off shade administration
Set your decision to 2880 dpi
Set the Platen Hole
Inform your printer the paper thickness you’re utilizing
Set the quantity of paper suction
Set the roll paper again rigidity (not wanted if printing on minimize sheets)
Set your printer profile and output sharpening

Digital printing is admittedly a technical endeavor. The times of printing creatively, with dodging and burning, with distinction masks and different strategies, are out the window with digital; all these artistic steps are performed within the Develop Module of Lightroom right now. When you’ve gone via these steps a couple of occasions, I promise you, printing digitally is simple. It is going to make you quicker than ever, extra constant than ever and, in the end, extra productive than ever.

Native Print Drivers Versus RIPs
The examples given right here for configuring the printer settings are by means of utilizing the Epson Print Driver. Nevertheless, you’ll have heard of the choice of utilizing one thing known as a RIP, or Raster Picture Processor. In a nutshell, a RIP is a printer driver on steroids. In concept, it does every thing higher and sooner than the native print driver, together with providing you with higher general print high quality. There are numerous RIPs available on the market, nonetheless, and never all are created equal or definitely worth the purchase. In truth, until you’re an expert printer, I’d counsel not even wanting into RIPs as an choice. The hole between the qualities of the very best RIPs versus utilizing native print drivers has shrunk dramatically in recent times. Personally, I exploit a RIP known as ImagePrint among the time, however lots of my printing is completed straight via Lightroom and my printer’s native print driver. The standard is nice, and until I must gang-run many photographs directly, Lightroom printing handles issues fairly properly.

Learn Half 4: Selecting Supplies of this text collection.

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