Revealed Jun 18, 2021
A 126 format movie cartridge loaded into the again of a Kodak Instamatic X-15 digicam.
Picture: Robert Couse-Baker
Simply as digital images has a number of sensor sizes, movie images has a number of movie codecs and sizes, a few of that are simpler to get than others (and a few of that are not possible). We already took a detailed have a look at the commonest movie sorts and codecs and on this article, we’ll have a look at much less widespread and discontinued movie codecs.
APS (Superior Picture System)
A roll of Kodak APS movie.
APS was developed in 1996 as a less complicated and extra versatile different to 35mm. This format is smaller than 35mm, producing a 24mm-wide destructive. APS makes use of a sealed cassette that not solely makes for simpler loading however might be eliminated and reloaded mid-roll. APS movie has the flexibility to seize information reminiscent of time and date, side ratio (a number of side ratio crops had been out there in APS cameras, together with 16:9), and even captions, with the data recorded on the movie both optically or magnetically.
APS in the present day
APS movie was discontinued in 2011, a sufferer of the buyer images market’s transfer from movie to digital images (and later digicam telephones). Although there have been interchangeable lens SLRs that used APS movie (the Canon EOS IX and Nikon Pronea collection are one of the best recognized), this format was much less standard with hobbyists and professionals as a result of its smaller destructive produced photographs inferior in high quality to 35mm. Nevertheless, the essential format lives on, because the destructive measurement was the premise for in the present day’s digital APS-C sensors.
Standing: In manufacturing and out there
A Kodak 110 format ‘pocket digicam’ and a cartridge of 110 movie.
Picture: Joost J. Bakker
110 is a cartridge-format movie that produces a 13×17 mm destructive. Developed by Kodak within the early 1970s for its Pocket Instamatic cameras, it was a follow-on to 126 format (see beneath) that enabled the manufacturing of small, skinny cameras that might actually slot in a pocket. Image high quality from low-end 110 cameras might be fairly poor in comparison with 35mm, although Pentax and Minolta developed 110-format interchangeable lens SLRs that produced good photographs.
110 movie in the present day
Although main movie producers discontinued 110 measurement movie some years in the past, a number of emulsions at the moment are again available on the market. Lomography makes six several types of 110 movie, together with shade print, shade slide, and black-and-white. Not all labs can develop 110 measurement movie, although it’s doable to purchase (or modify) adjustable reels for house growing.
Kodak launched the 126 ‘Instamatic‘ format in 1963 as an easier-to-use different to 35mm and 120 roll movie. Like 110 movie, 126 movie makes use of a cartridge that merely drops into the digicam, making it almost not possible to mis-load. The movie itself is similar measurement as 35mm, however the perforation sample is totally different and the picture measurement is 28 x 28 mm sq.. 126 was outdated by smaller 110-film cameras and self-loading, auto-winding 35mm point-and-shoot cameras.
126 movie in the present day
126 movie was discontinued over a decade in the past, and whereas it’s doable to search out expired movie, processing it commercially might be tough, relying on the place you reside. For house processing, the movie might be developed on 35mm reels. 126 cartridges might be wound with 35mm movie, however the latter’s sprocket sample means the cameras might not wind correctly.
Kodak disc movie and a Kodak Disc 4000 digicam.
Picture: D. Meyer
Disc movie, launched by Kodak in 1982, includes a rotating daisy-wheel movie disc in a nearly-flat plastic cartridge. By eliminating the roll, Kodak was in a position to develop a line of very skinny computerized cameras that used the brand new format. Gross sales had been robust at first, however awful picture high quality from the tiny 10x8mm negatives and a brand new era of auto-loading 35mm point-and-shoot automatics rapidly sealed the Disc’s destiny. Although different producers made Disc cameras (and movie), Kodak killed the cameras simply six years after they had been launched, and disc movie is taken into account one of many largest flops in Kodak’s historical past.
Disc movie in the present day
Kodak was the primary and solely producer of disc movie; it was discontinued in 1999. If you happen to’re actually a glutton for punishment, it’s doable to make your individual disc movie utilizing sheet movie and an present Kodak Disc cartridge.
Different unusual movie sorts?
Are there every other unusual movie sorts you’ll be able to consider? Tell us within the feedback beneath. And please be at liberty to share your favourite/least favourite reminiscences taking pictures any of the above-mentioned codecs!
About our newbie’s information to movie images
Our Absolute newbie’s information to movie images is an academic collection of articles centered on demystifying the ins and outs of analog images. Geared towards these discovering (or re-discovering) movie, the collection will cowl every part from gear, to method and extra. View the entire articles in our information right here.